Everything You Need to Know About Propagation

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Everything You Need to Know About Propagation
If you plan to build a success indoor garden, you are going to need to know about propagation.  Propagation is the process of reproducing your crops, either from seeds or from clones.  You will need to use a combination of these two techniques to grow a successful indoor garden.
 
 

Seeds


Your mother plants should always be grown from seed.  Plants grown from seed have a larger selection of DNA and as a result, produce better mother plants.  A clone is the exact replica of the plant it came from, this can make your crop more susceptible to pests and disease.  Mother plants grown from seed have a healthier root system than cloned plants and they grow up experiencing less shock.  You want your mother plant to have the most natural life possible.  This will help her to deal with the shock of cloning.
 
Growing from seed for harvest takes a little more maintenance than growing from clones.  You are going to have to watch your plants to see when they show their sex.  This is usually around week 4.  Pick the males out, if you want to prevent your females from having seeds.  You may also want to consider planting a male plant somewhere far away to use for cross-pollination purposes.
 
 

How to Propagate From Seed


Growing from seed is easy and if you are in a huge rush, you can always just plant your seed outside.  For the indoor gardener, the solution is a little more difficult.  There are multiple ways to pop your seeds but one of the easiest techniques requires nothing but a shot glass.  Fill a shot glass with water and place your seed in the water.  Next, place your shot glass in a dark cabinet and check on it daily.  After the first day, your seed will stop floating and sink to the bottom of the glass.  By day 3 - 5, you will see your seedling looking for soil.  Gently place your seedling in your rooting plug and place it under your lighting.  In a couple days, you will see your little friend peeking through the surface.
 
 

Clones


If you want to keep your indoor garden producing as often as possible, you are going to need to learn how to clone your plants.  Clones are exact genetic replicas made from cuttings from your mother plant.  This means you get the exact same qualities as your mother plant such as yield, height, and odor.  The downside of cloning is a larger chance of genetic disease or pest infestation.  If you consider the odds, cloning still comes out on top.
 

How to Clone Your Plants


You are going to need to gather a few things in order before you cut clones from your mother plant.  Here is a list of everything you will need.
 
  • Razor
  • Cup of Water
  • Rooting Plugs
  • Clonex
  • Trimmers
 
Start by checking the branches of your mother plant to find a suitable candidate.  Remember your clone is going to turn into its own plant so look for tops and other parts of the plant that are strong enough to survive the transition.  Once you have found a healthy limb, start trimming off the lower stalks of your clone.  You only want to keep the upper canopy.  Next, use your razor to cut your clone.  It is important to use a razor to ensure you don't pinch the vein of your clone.  You need to make this cut at a 45-degree angle.  This will give your clone a larger vein to absorb nutrients through and as result; your clone will produce a longer rooting section.
 
As soon as you cut your clone, it needs to be placed, root down, into your cup of water.  You can use this cup to store all of your clippings until you are ready for the next step.  The water in your cup prevents air from getting stuck in the stem of your clone and causing it to suffocate.  Once all of your clones have been cut, you are ready to start dipping your clones.  Take your clipping and very quickly transfer it from your glass of water to your clonex.  Make sure you allow your clone to sit in the clonex for a few seconds to ensure it is fully covered.
 
Next, place your clone in your rooting plug and use your trimmers to snip the tips off any leaves longer than the diameter of a tennis ball.  This will allow your clone to breathe easier and to focus on root production.  Finally, place your clones under a LED or fluorescent light.  Your clones are going to be weak so you should avoid having a fan directly on them.  Mist and water your clones every day with water and a little bit of Thrive alive.  Within 5 - 7 days you will notice roots poking out of your rooting plugs.  Plant your plugs in your growing medium and you are ready to go.

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  • David Hamilton
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